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如何让高考英语作文妙笔生花

来源::未知 | 作者:足球竞彩app哪个靠谱-足球竞彩app哪个好-推荐下载官网** | 本文已影响
  要在高考英语作文中得到高分,考生必须让自己的文章有“亮点”,做到妙笔生花,体现出对语言的驾驭能力。要做到这一点并不容易,但考生可以从以下几个方面去努力。
  一、遣词方面:用词要贴切而丰富,善用短语
  词汇是语言的建筑材料,文章的好坏,选词很关键,如果用词精湛,就会使文章“亮”起来。
  1. 措辞要贴切具体
  试比较下面句子:
  a man is walking down the street.
  a man is strolling down the street.
  通过比较可以看出,前一句不如后一句表达得具体、生动。一个词如果内涵越具体,那么在特定的场景中恰当地使用它,就会收到意想不到的效果。很多同学写作时常随便用一个很笼统的词来描述一个具体事物或人,如 a nice man给人感觉很笼统空泛,我们可以用很多有个性的、具体的词描绘一个人,如 generous(大方的,慷慨的),humorous(幽默的),smart(漂亮的,潇洒的),kind-hearted,warm-hearted,hospitable(好客的,招待周到的),gentle(文雅的),optimistic(乐观的),easy-going(随和的),spirited(英勇的),cultivated(有教养的),manly(有男子气概的)等等。
  2. 用词要简洁多样
  在英语写作中,遣词一定要避免不必要的重复,如果用词重复,写出的句子往往单调乏味,文章没有感染力。用词多样化可以使句子表意生动,增强文章的整体表达效果。如:
  chart1 shows the daily average amount of time the students of the school spend on different after-class activities. the students put the most time,93 minutes,into their homework,and next in line is watching tv,which takes up 46 minutes. they put in about the same amount of time listening to music and working on the computer,34 minutes and 30 minutes each. while 25 minutes is spent on sports only 12 minutes goes into housework...(2004北京卷)
  文中运用了 “spend on” “put....into” “take up” “put in...doing” “goes into” 等一系列的不同词语,来说明学生六项课余活动所花时间,虽然讲的都是类似的情况,但没有一个词组是重复的。这充分体现了语言的运用技能,绝对可使整篇文章“亮”起来。
  3. 要善于运用短语
  短语用得好,会给评卷员留下深刻印象。如:
  when he was a child,he wanted to learn everything.( 普通)
  when he was a child,he had a strong appetite for knowledge.(高级)
  4. 要避免汉语思维
  用词要符合英语习惯,避免汉语思维的影响,如某些名词和动词搭配已约定俗成,不能随意打乱其搭配习惯,否则会显得生硬和词不达意。如汉语中的“学到知识”,英语中就不能说“learn knowledge”,而要说acquire knowledge (获得知识) 。类似的动宾结构还有achieve success (获得成功),gain reputation (获得声誉),attain one’s end (达到目的)等。
  二、造句方面:句式要准确而多变,活用复合句
  简单句用得太多,会造成文章读起来乏味。在评卷员看来,同样意思的内容,能够运用比较复杂的句式结构来表达,当然会认为其运用语言的能力要比只会用简单句来表达要强,评分自然就高。
  1. 巧用非谓语动词
  运用非谓语动词,可使文句看起来更简洁,使语言更加丰富多彩,重点更加突出,增加文采。如:
  i covered my ears,trying to keep the noise out,but failed. (2004广东卷)
  2. 巧用with复合结构
  “with+名词/代词+现在分词/过去分词/形容词/副词/介词”结构,常作伴随状语以增加被描绘内容的生动性和情感性,使文章读起来更简洁明了。试比较:
  i couldn’t go on studying because there was so much noise troubling me. (普通)
  i couldn’t go on studying with so much noise troubling me. (高级)(2004广东卷)
  3. 巧用复合句
  高考评分标准强调使用语法结构的数量和复杂性,鼓励考生尽量使用较复杂的结构,并且对由此产生的错误采取了宽容的态度。如果恰当运用各类从句,就会使文章出彩。如:
  (定语从句) what’s more,people have easy access to the internet,which enables them to send and receive e-mails whenever they like. (2006广东卷)
  4. 巧用倒装句、感叹句、强调句、虚拟语气句等
  使用这些句式可使文章化平淡为生动,加强语气,使评卷老师感受作者的强烈情感。
  (倒装句)only in this way can internet bars be well used by people. (2003 上海春季)
  (感叹句)i thought,“how hard mum is working! she must be very tired.”(2004重庆卷)
  5. 巧用排山倒海句
  如能运用一个个排比句、对偶句、不定式或短语,可令文章增色不少,会给评卷员眼前一亮的感觉。如:
  the purpose of the programme are to make our school more beautiful,to make the air cleaner and fresher,and to turn our school into a better place for us to study and live in. (2004 福建卷)
  三、谋篇方面:结构要清晰而流畅,巧用过渡词
  众所周知,语言的最高层次不是传统语法所说的句子,而是语篇。语篇指的是一系列连接的语段或句子构成的语言整体。一篇好的文章不但句子正确,要点齐全,更重要的是有效地使用了语句间的连接成分。因此,恰当使用好连接性的词语和句子,是使作文获得高分的一个重要因素。请仔细体会下文中的连接性词句(用黑体标出):
  now in the country areas,there are many children out of school. the reasons can be listed as follows:
  to begin with,most families are poor and can’t afford their education. as a result,they have no choice but to stay at home and make money. in addition,some parents think daughters needn’t go to school. therefore,they don’t let them go to school. finally,some children are not interested in their studies. to make matters worse,some wouldn’t like to go to school.
  as far as i’m concerned,all the children including girls should be educated. besides,the whole society should pay attention to it because they’ll play an important part in the future of our country.
  下列各组表示列举或补充的短语或句式非常实用,对高考写作很有帮助:
  (1)firstly...,secondly...,thirdly...,finally...
  (2)in the first place...,in the second place...,in the third place...,lastly...
  (3)to begin with...,then...,furthermore...,finally...
  (4)to start with...,next...,in addition...,finally...
  (5)first and foremost...,besides...,last but not least...
  (6)most important of all...,moreover...,finally...
  如果只有两层意思,可选用下列两组中的任一组:
  (1)on the one hand...,on the other hand...
  (2)for one thing..., and for another thing...

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